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The synthesis technology e440 is a lowpass voltage-controlled filter with 3 simultaneous outputs. The input is any audio source (can be from line level to synth level) and the output is via the different slopes of the filter: 2pole (-12db/oct), 3pole (-18db/oct) and 4pole (-24db/oct). There are 3 CV inputs to control the cutoff frequency plus a separate CV input for the resonance. The e440 will self-oscillate at high resonance and can be used for a sine VCO (each output is phase shifted 45 degrees from the prior one) with 1v/oct tracking (trimmable) over a 4-octave range. This response is also temperature-compensated. An external audio mixer module can be used to blend the 3 outputs into “in-between” slopes and by inverting them relative to another, different frequency responses.

Controls and jacks:

  1. RESONANCE: amount of filter resonance. This knob setting is added to whatever CV is plugged into the RES CV jack. The filter will self-resonate (with no external applied CV’s) at the ~9 tick mark.
  2. FM1: filter frequency modulation standard attenuator for whatever is applied to the FM1 jack.
  3. FM2: filter frequency modulation reversing attenuator for the CV plugged into the FM2 jack. The 12:00 (straight up) position is maximum attenuation: rotating CCW will add the inverted signal to the FREQUENCY control while rotating CW will add the applied CV.
  4. FREQUENCY: the cutoff (or self-oscillation initial frequency). The VCF will internally add all 4 CV inputs together to determine the filter’s cutoff frequency. The range is 20hz to ~ 18khz.
  5. DRIVE: this is a combination attenuator for the audio in and a booster amplifier (~2x gain). The filter can be over-driven to clipping (with a large voltage output swing, ~14v pk-pk). You can use this control to boost line-level signals as well. The unity gain setting is ~ ‘4th’ tick.
  6. CV inputs. The range of each input is -5v to +5v. FM1 and FM2 are on attenuators, while 1v/Oct and RES CV are not.
  7. Audio jacks. Audio in can be any level up to 14V pk-pk. The 3 outputs are the Lowpass responses. All 3 outputs share the resonance and cutoff CV’s. You will note that the relative levels of the 3 responses are slightly different, which is resonance dependent. This is just the nature of the electronics. The 4 OTA stages are not gain-matched and the filter caps are +-5%. This will cause each stage to vary slightly in gain relative to the others. Consider this part of the e440’s charm.


  • CV inputs: -5v to +5v, dc to 10khz. res in is 0v (no resonance) to +5v (full resonance).
  • Audio input: 50k nominal input impedance, 100mv to 14v pk-pk.
  • Outputs: -7v to +7v, 20hz to 18khz
  • Power: +12v @23ma, -12v @23ma. nominal (NB. align red stripe on cable with the stripe lettering on the pc board.)
  • Jumper options: jp1 – bass boost enhancement off or (on)

Other modules by Synthesis Technology/MOTM | E340 Cloud Generator – Last 3 ever! | E350 Morphing Terrarium | E355 Morphing Dual LFO | E560 Deflector Shield | E580 resampling mini-delay | E102 Quad Temporal Shifter | E950 CIRCUIT BENT VCO